The Beauceron


The Beauceron is a very old breed, developed in France, with no foreign crosses. The earliest records of the Beauceron can be found in a Renaissance manuscript written in 1578. The Beauceron was also known as Berger de Beauce (sheepdog from Beauce) or Bas Rouge (red-stockings). The name is almost misleading because they were found throughout northern France in addition to the Beauce region. The Beauceron was used for both guarding and herding sheep and cattle.

As a result of industrialization the Beauceron’s job began to disappear; fortunately, they quickly found new purpose as police and military working dogs. They served during both world wars as a messenger dogs, trail finders, and mine detectors.

The Beauceron was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2007.

Sizing up

  • Weight: 80 to 110 lbs.
  • Height: 24 to 27.5 inches
  • Coat: Short, double coat; harsh, woolly, topcoat; fluffy undercoat
  • Color: Black with tan markings, or black and mottled grey with tan markings
  • Life expectancy: 10 to 12 years

What’s the Beauceron like?

The Beauceron is extremely loyal and protective of his family and his territory. He isn’t always keen about strangers or small children. Around children his herding nature might kick in causing him to chase them.

The Beauceron is highly active and needs plenty of exercise. He is very independent so always use positive reinforcement when he does something right.

The Beauceron needs to be trained early; otherwise, he can become aggressive toward dogs or animals he doesn’t know. Early socialization will help with this immensely. Keep the training sessions short and sweet because he can be easily bored; a bored Beauceron is a destructive Beauceron. 

Grooming your Beauceron is quite simple thanks to his short coat. He sheds very little but should be brushed with a natural bristle brush or rubber hound mitt a few times a week to remove dead hair.


The Beauceron is generally a healthy breed but watch for any of the following:

Takeaway Points

  • The Beauceron is best suited for a family with older children.
  • The Beauceron would be a great companion for someone who loves to run, hike, and do other outdoor activities.
  • The Beauceron should be trained and socialized immediately once you bring him home.
  • The Beauceron is a great watch dog.

If you have any questions or concerns, you should always visit or call your veterinarian -- they are your best resource to ensure the health and well-being of your pets.